A Quebec legislator is calling for an investigation into a video that shows a Montreal police officer kneeling on the neck of a young Black teen, his face mashed into the sidewalk, in an image reminiscent of George Floyd’s last moments.
Frantz Benjamin, a Liberal member of the Quebec National Assembly who represents the Montreal riding of Viau, says several constituents called him about the video. They say it evokes “collective trauma,” reminding them of Floyd telling Minneapolis police officers more than 20 times that he couldn’t breathe before he died on May 25, 2020.
The Montreal video was filmed by a passerby in front of a bus stop in the city’s Villeray district on June 10.
According to a spokesperson for the Service de police de la Ville de Montréal (SPVM), officers from Station 31 were responding to a call from Georges-Vanier High School about a fight involving more than a dozen young people from various schools.
The video, which was obtained by Radio-Canada, is about a minute and a half long and does not show the events leading up to the physical intervention.
It begins with two officers kneeling on a Black youth for approximately 15 seconds. They appear to be wrestling his hands behind his back. One has his left knee on the teen’s neck and face, and the other officer’s knee appears to be on the teenager’s lower back.
The youth doesn’t appear to be resisting or moving in any way. He cannot be heard saying anything.
Officers pin teen down
The two officers rise after about 15 seconds. The officer who had his knee on the youth’s neck stands briefly, adjusts the youth’s body position, and then kneels with both legs on the teen’s neck and back.
The officer stays in that position for another 37 seconds.
While still pinning the teen down, the officer searches a bag and hands an object to his colleague. That officer then appears to show the object to the camera, saying the teen was being arrested for having a stun gun.
Beyond what is seen in the footage, it is not clear how long the officer was on the teen’s neck, because the video starts and ends with him restraining the teen.
In a later interview, police told Radio-Canada that two minors were charged for carrying weapons, and an investigation is underway into the incident.
“If the use of force is not justified, the administration will take the required actions,” said SPVM spokesperson Const. David Shane.
Shane urged caution when viewing such videos, as the camera angle could be misleading. Whenever an officer uses force, a report is filled out and it will be reviewed, Shane said.
Mayor wants answers
Benjamin, the MNA, says he sent a letter to the chief of police, Sylvain Caron, and is calling for an investigation into the officers’ actions.
“It’s shocking,” he said. “It’s even more shocking when we see there was no resistance.”
Montreal Mayor Valérie Plante is also asking the SPVM to clarify what happened.
“The images circulating are worrying. This investigation should shed light on the entire intervention,” she said in a statement to Radio-Canada.
“The images of the intervention once again reiterate the importance of implementing body cameras, which we are working on with our partners.”
Abdelhaq Sari, a city councillor from the borough of Montréal-Nord and the security critic for Ensemble Montréal, the official opposition at city hall, said the video raises “serious questions.”
“An independent investigation will have to be carried out to shed light on this event,” said Sari.
“This kind of arrest technique should only be used in cases of imminent danger. This is certainly not the case when the suspect is handcuffed.”
Kneeling on neck not against rules
Kneeling on a suspect’s neck is not prohibited by the SPVM, says Stéphane Wall, a former sergeant and training instructor. The technique is used to force a suspect to surrender, but it has to be quick, he said.
Wall said once the suspect is handcuffed, the knee should be moved more toward the shoulders.
Sociologist Frédéric Boisrond, an independent strategic advisor for the SPVM since last summer, told Radio-Canada he is concerned about the agents’ methods and manner.
“A youth handcuffed with one knee on the throat — that brings us back to rather disturbing images. I didn’t expect to see that in Quebec in 2021,” said Boisrond.
On Aug. 24, 2020, Ensemble Montréal proposed a motion calling for the end of any police tactic that obstructs a suspect’s breathing.
The motion said these tactics should only be used as a last resort. The motion was adopted by Montreal city council, but it was not binding, as the SPVM, like any police service in Quebec, follows rules set by the provincial government.
For more stories about the experiences of Black Canadians — from anti-Black racism to success stories within the Black community — check out Being Black in Canada, a CBC project Black Canadians can be proud of. You can read more stories here.